Pronunciation

Can’t really do anything easily if you don’t know how things are pronounced. Luckily, it’s pretty easy!

Verbs

Starting with verbs is good.

The shortest possible (slightly useful) sentence is probably a sentence comprised of just a verb: if they ask you, “what are you doing?” you can reply “I’m reading”. If you are hungry, you can say “to eat” and point to a restaurant, etc. etc.

In addition, verbs in Polish are somewhat easy, as there aren’t a lot of tenses.

 

Cases

  • Grammatical cases of the Polish language
    • Nominative
    • Genitive
    • Dative
    • Accusative
    • Instrumental
    • Locative
    • Vocative

Word classes

  • Word classes in the Polish language
    • Nouns
      • Grammatical genders (masculine, feminine, neuter)
      • Vocabulary: Basic Polish nouns
    • Verbs
      • Conjugation of verbs
      • Vocabulary: Basic Polish verbs
    • Adjectives
    • Pronouns
      • Personal pronouns (I, you, he, she, it, etc.)
      • Reflexive pronouns (myself, themselves, etc.)
      • Possessive pronouns (my, your, our, etc.)
      • Interrogative pronouns (who, what, whose, etc.)
      • Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, etc.)
      • Indefinite pronouns (somebody, nobody, nothing, etc.)
    • Numerals
    • Adverbs
    • Prepositions
    • Conjunctions
    • Particles
    • Interjections

NOTES

I originally got the elements of this list from: http://mowicpopolsku.com/polish-grammar/.

http://www.languagesgulper.com/eng/Polish.html is very complete as well, and there’s some stuff at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish_morphology, too.