In Polish things change according to whether you’re talking about a man, woman, or object. As genders affect pretty much every grammatical element, it’s probably the first thing to look at.



The shortest possible (slightly useful) sentence is probably a sentence comprised of just a verb: if they ask you, “what are you doing?” you can reply “I’m reading”. If you’re hungry, you can say “to eat” and point to a restaurant, etc. etc.

In addition, verbs in Polish are somewhat easy, as there aren’t a lot of tenses.



  • Grammatical cases of the Polish language
    • Nominative
    • Genitive
    • Dative
    • Accusative
    • Instrumental
    • Locative
    • Vocative

Word classes

  • Word classes in the Polish language
    • Nouns
      • Grammatical genders (masculine, feminine, neuter)
      • Vocabulary: Basic Polish nouns
    • Verbs
      • Conjugation of verbs
      • Vocabulary: Basic Polish verbs
    • Adjectives
    • Pronouns
      • Personal pronouns (I, you, he, she, it, etc.)
      • Reflexive pronouns (myself, themselves, etc.)
      • Possessive pronouns (my, your, our, etc.)
      • Interrogative pronouns (who, what, whose, etc.)
      • Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, etc.)
      • Indefinite pronouns (somebody, nobody, nothing, etc.)
    • Numerals
    • Adverbs
    • Prepositions
    • Conjunctions
    • Particles
    • Interjections


I originally got the elements of this list from: is very complete as well, and there’s some stuff at, too.